AUTHORS & SUMMARIES
L. E. Grishayeva. Russia, the UN and scientific and technical progress
Grishayeva Lidiya E. – Doctor’s degree in history, Associate Professor of the Chair of the XX Century Russian History of the Historical Department of MSU n.a. M. V. Lomonosov
The article shows the ambiguous nature of the organizations involved in the solution of economic, financial and scientific and technical problems under globalization. As an optimal way of solution it indicates the active participation in the UN institutions; it also states the advantages and disadvantages balance of the Russian participation in the above named institutions. The article proves the impossibility of the world community maintaining Russia if Russia – a country with great potential – itself doesn’t put any effort toward independent development.
Scientific and technical progress, financial crisis and economic recession, UN (IMF, ECE, UNIDO, FAO), EU and WTO institutions
A.V.Osipovskaya. Micro financing and its role in small business support
Osipovskaya Anna V. – Candidate’s degree in economics, Assistant Professor of the Chair of Finances and Credit of the RSUH Institute for Economics, Management and Law
The article considers the nature and functions of micro financing and its role in small business support. It indicates the necessity and peculiarities of micro financial development under present-day conditions. The article also states the current problems and proposes certain measures within the framework of state support directed toward micro financial development.
State support, small business, micro financing, micro credits, micro financing institutions
O.V. Kuchmayeva, O.L. Petryakova. Family’s standard of living and social welfare protection
Kuchmayeva Oksana V. – Doctor’s degree in economics, Associate Professor, Head of the Family Life Problems and Family Policy Laboratory of the Institute for Family and Education of the Russian Academy of Education
Petryakova Olga L. – Candidate’s degree in economics, Senior Researcher of the Family Life Problems and Family Policy Laboratory of the Institute for Family and Education of the Russian Academy of Education
The article is dedicated to the analysis of the standard of living of Russian families with children based on the statistics and polls data. The research is implemented considering several components: income, expenditure, nutrition and living conditions of the families. In order to improve the standard of living of families with children the article pays considerable attention to the social and family policy carried out in Russia.
Families with children, family’s standard of living, family policy, income and expenditure of families
N.I. Dolinsky. The influence of economic efficiency on the optimality of decisions
Dolinsky Nikolay I. – Candidate’s degree in pedagogy, associate professor of the Chair of Management of the RSUH subsidiary in Tolyatti
Increasing responsibility for making managerial decisions is inseparably associated with the problem of economic choice. The article considers rational and optimal decisions from the point of view of their economic efficiency. It also analyzes the application of the above named methodological basics of the decision making procedure while carrying out one of the most important problems of a construction enterprise – the problem of consumer choice.
Choice in decision making, economic efficiency, optimal and rational solutions, efficiency data planning
S.K. Zatonskaya, A.A. Tereshin. Anti-recessionary organization management with LLC ‘Samaraintour’ as a case study
Zatonskaya Svetlana K. – Director of Education and Methodology Division of the RSUH subsidiary in Samara
Tereshin Anatoly A. – Candidate’s degree in engineering, Associate Professor of the Chair of Industrial Economy of Samara State Engineering University
The authors wanted to show the influence of global financial crisis on the economy of an individual organization. The peculiarities of anti-recessionary management under these conditions can contribute not only to the company maintaining its position at the travel services market, but also to its attainment of a higher level due to the transition to higher technologies and more sophisticated methods of staff labor organization.
Tourist travel, travel-related services, anti-recessionary management, staff motivation, potential of Russia, travel industry multiplier effect
A.V. Yarosh, N.N. Yarosh. Social and psychological aspects of human resources management
Yarosh Natalya N. – Candidate’s degree in engineering, Associate Professor of the Chair of Economic Theories of the RSUH Institute for Economics, Management and Law
Yarosh Alexander V. - Candidate’s degree in Chemistry, Senior Researcher of NIOPIK
The article considers theoretical foundations of constructing socionic psychological model on the basis of genetic connection between Jung’s model and Model A, and shows the integral nature of socionic functions in relation to Jung’s functions. It demonstrates that four levels of consciousness in the socionic model are also energetic levels. The authors consider it possible to use the results of the given research as the basis of social and psychological human resources management methods, and also use them to teach the basics of psychological science to the students of economic and managerial specialties.
Human resources management, socionics, psycho type, staff quality, social and psychological aspects of information metabolism
V.V. Kushniryk, N.I. Ptukha. Certain aspects of the technology of the director carrying out administrative functions within the team building system in hunting entities
Ptukha Nikolay I. – Candidate’s degree in psychology, Associate Professor of the Chair of Corporate Governance and Electronic Business of the RSUTS (Russian State University of Tourism and Service)
Kushniryk Valery V. – graduate degree applicant of the Chair of Corporate Governance and Electronic Business of the RSUTS (Russian State University of Tourism and Service)
The article considers the technology of the director carrying out administrative functions within the non-conflict management system. It also considers the director’s measures toward subordinates while carrying out managerial decisions within the team building system as applied to specifics of hunting entities’ activities.
Management team, administrative functions, non-conflict management, managerial activities
S.K. Fetisov. Semiotic nature of money
Fetisov Sergey K. - Candidate’s degree in economics, Associate Professor of the Chair of Mathematical and Natural Science Disciplines, Director of the RSUH subsidiary in Ulan-Ude
The development of monetary systems went through the same stages as sign systems: from the natural sign (money as a part of commodity world) to the sign as a symbol (money codifies commodity relations without being a part of commodity world). In the first case monetary systems follow the logic of real commodity relations; in the second one they follow the logic codifying this reality of the system. Monetary systems essentially are sign systems. They are cognitive and reality transformation appliances due to their “autonomy” gained during the evolutionary process.
Semiotics, monetary systems, sign systems, money as signs, money as symbols
O.A. Ulyanova. Real socialism: Pro Et Contra
Ulyanova Olga A. – Assistant Professor of the Chair of Economic Theories of the RSUH Institute for Economics, Management and Law
An insight into the great variety of viewpoints on socialist economic system, in particular into “real” socialism, its building in Russia at the beginning of the XX century having caught genuine interest of all the leading economists of the world, dividing the learned community into its uncompromising opponents and optimistic defenders. The search for the so called “third” way, intended to combine market and administrative instruments of the national economy management, which is especially relevant for Russia in the conditions of the formation of the new economic development model, is continuing nowadays.
Planned chaos, centralized planning, administrative tyranny, budget limits, market socialism, corporate socialism, convergence
M.Yu. Egorov. Functions of customs tariff in the Russian Empire in the XIX century
Egorov Mikhail Yu. – graduate student of the Chair of Economic Theories of the RSUH Institute for Economics, Management and Law
The article contains retrospective changes regarding the functional role of customs tariff of the Russian Empire in the XIX century. The author assesses the tariff measures implemented by the government to determine the prevailing function out of three basic tariff functions: fiscal, related to foreign policy and protective. The research confirmed that the fiscal function of the customs tariff in Russia in the XIX century remained dominant.
Tariff, tariff regulation, customs tariff policy of the Russian Empire, tariff functions, lobbyism, golden tariff, tariff liberalization
A.M. Belonovskaya. The assessment of the importance of historical experience of producers' cooperative associations (artels) in modern business activities
Belonovskaya Anastasiya M. – Lecturer of the Chair of Economic Theories of the RSUH Institute for Economics, Management and Law
The study of the artel business unit in Russian economy at the end of the XIX century and the beginning of the XX century shows the possibility of its usage in modern practice. As a traditional form of manufacturing organization the artel served as a prerequisite for eliminating contradictions between labour and capital, considerably aggravated at the end of the XIX century, which is connected with capitalism gaining momentum. At the modern stage of market relations development in Russia the artel business units may be considered as a most perspective trend in business activities. They may help take the edge off social and economic contradictions.
Artel, producers' cooperative association, collective labour organization, theory of institutional matrices, collective ownership
T.V. Mitrofanova. Social and economic development of Buryatia in the 1920s according to the reports of Buryat-Mongol CEC (Central Executive Committee)
Mitrofanova Tatyana V. – Assistant Professor of the Chair of Economic, Managerial and Law Disciplines of the RSUH subsidiary in Ulan-Ude
The special interest in the 1920s is caused by the central position of problems connected with nomenclature formation and joining of the party and state organizations. The article provides a brief description of the contents of Buryat-Mongol CEC reports dedicated to the issues relates to the social and economic development of Buryatia in the period of national statehood formation. The analysis of the given documents demonstrates the activities of the supreme executive body concerning economic development of the Republic in the above named period.
Budget of Buryatia, republic’s independence, official regulatory documents and reports
D.K. Chimitova, V.V. Nomogoyeva. State administration in cultural development area in Buryatia in the 1920s
Chimitova Dzhamilya K. – Doctor’s degree in history, Associate Professor of the Chair of the Humanities and Social and Economic Disciplines of the RSUH subsidiary in Ulan-Ude
Nomogayeva Viktoriya V. – Candidate’s degree in history, Associate Professor of the Chair of the History of Buryatia of Buryat State University
The article considers the essential problems of state policy concerning cultural development area in the early years of Soviet government in Buryatia and shows the peculiarities of its existence.
State policy, material basis, formation of education system, elimination of illiteracy, staff
I.K. Zolotova. Case method “Economic recession in 2008-2009”
Zolotova Irena K. – Candidate’s degree in economics, Associate Professor of the Chair of Economic Theories of the RSUH Institute for Economics, Management and Law
The article highlights the results of applying in the educational course “Economic policy and government management” case method used during the Economics Department students’ study of one of the topics. The readers are presented with the students’ reports at the final course conference, which concludes self-learning period.
The key reports of the conference were made by Ya. Golubeva and A. Chvanova and concerned the recession in 1929-1933, serving as grounds for the comparison of the Great Depression with the present-day recession. D. Krasilnikova tried to prove that in theory the events were long ago predicted by N.D. Kondratyev. G. Filyavina, N. Yakhibayev and A. Chilikin showed the strong connection of all of the most important problems with financial problems and the development of world financial system. The internship in the FRG allowed A. Sabitov to use the gained knowledge to prepare a review related to the forecasts of two leading European research centers concerning the ways out of the present situation. P. Panyshev, employing the statements of the state leaders, demonstrated which solutions of the recession problem are proposed by the French, the Germans and the Americans.
Case method, concepts of forecasting and surmounting recessions
Ya.A. Golubeva. The Great Depression riddles
Golubeva Yana A. – graduate (2010) of the Chair of World Economy of the Department of Economics of the RSUH Institute for Economics, Management and Law
Great Depression, its stages and causes, national programs of surmounting the recession
A.S. Chvanova. The Great Depression No. 2
Chvanova Anna S. – graduate (2010) of the Chair of World Economy of the Department of Economics of the RSUH Institute for Economics, Management and Law
Bubble at the US mortgage market, world financial crisis, economic policy costs, increasing risk of credit defaults, credit-unworthiness of housewives
D.V. Krasilnikova. Where to wait for the second wave
Krasilnikova Darya V. – graduate (2010) of the Chair of World Economy of the Department of Economics of the RSUH Institute for Economics, Management and Law
Objective laws of market economy, economic cycles, research of macroeconomic data by Kondratyev, long waves of business environment by Kondratyev, phases of cycle, 4 observations of Kondratyev
A.Yu. Chilikin. Halfway to the top
Chilikin Alexander Yu. – graduate (2010) of the Chair of Finances and Law of the Department of Economics of the RSUH Institute for Economics, Management and Law
Bretton Woods system, international financial system and its institutions, bancor, SDR, gold pool (1961), dollar standard
G.V. Filyavina, N.Sh. Yakhibayev. From Jamaican currency system to 2009
Filyavina Galina E. – graduate (2010) of the Chair of Finances and Law of the Department of Economics of the RSUH Institute for Economics, Management and Law
Yakhibayev Nayil Sh. – graduate (2010) of the Chair of Finances and Law of the Department of Economics of the RSUH Institute for Economics, Management and Law
International currency system, Jamaican currency system, alternative currency, SDR, world government, forecasting of global economic recessions
A.R. Sabitov. The effect of automatic stabilizers
Sabitov Alexander R. – graduate (2010) of the Chair of World Economy of the Department of Economics of the RSUH Institute for Economics, Management and Law
Disinflation, deflation, financial market stabilization fund, “bad banks”, automatic business environment stabilizers, employment, job market
P.S. Panyshev. The state leaders of the USA, France and Germany on the possibility of surmounting the recession
Panyshev Pavel S. – graduate (2010) of the Chair of Economic Theories of the Department of Economics of the RSUH Institute for Economics, Management and Law
Stabilization fund for the US, governmental control over banks, openness and transparency of financial system, financial system supervision
Global Financial Crisis and Economic Security of Russia: analysis, problems and perspectives/ V.S. Aksyonov & ors. – Moscow: Economics, 2010
The proposed collective monograph (most of the authors are lectors of the Department of Economics of the RSUH Institute for Economics, Management and Law) contains the analysis of world and national experience of research concerning the nature of economic recessions, their causes, etymology and systematization. The authors propose a special approach to the assessment of the threats of current global financial crisis and economic recession to national economies. The monograph shows the peculiarities of the present-day crisis effects and its influence on the Russian economic development.
Global financial crisis, economic security, crisis threats, forecast scenarios of Russian economic development
In the Traditions of the Russian Economic School (from the Editors)
Annually since 2001 Chayanov readings have been held at the RSUH under the auspices of the Department of Economics. This year witnessed the 10th, anniversary readings. The topic of the scientific and practical conference was the following: “Post-recessionary Russia: new ways of social and economic development”.
A.V. Chayanov, Public University n.a. A.L. Shanyavsky, RSUH