2010 4 (20)
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AUTHORS & SUMMARIES

L.E. Grishayeva. The Revelation on modernization

Grishayeva Lidiya E. Doctors degree in history, Associate Professor of the Department of the XX Century Russian History of the Division for History of MSU n.a. M. V. Lomonosov
felixg@formatek.ru

The author considers modernization issues in Russia and to what extent the country is ready for historic changes. The conclusions about catching up character of Russian modernization and its inevitability are shown as quite obvious. The article considers the issue of uncompetitive economic environment highlighting the lack of social incentives for economic modernization and, finally, resistance to modernization.

Modernization, raw materials, taxation system, intellectual environment, demographic explosion

O.A. Ulyanova. NEP: To be or not to be? Economic discussions in the 1920s

Ulyanova Olga A. Assistant Professor of the Department of Economic Theories of the RSUH Institute for Economics, Management and Law
kafedra.373@yandex.ru

The article analyzes the major activities and the results of the new economic policy (NEP) of the 1920s in the USSR, as well as the leading economists and statesmens attitude to the given reforms, development and perspectives of socialist industrialization.

NEP, surplus appropriation system, agricultural tax in kind, gold standard, red directors, price scissors, market socialist economy, cooperative collectivization, socialist accumulation law, consummate socialism, directive plan

I.A. Krasnobayeva. Formation of federal chain of research-and-education centers under the conditions of science and education integration

Krasnobayeva Irina A. Assistant Professor of the Department of Corporate Management and Electronic Business of the Russian State University of Tourism and Service
aniri31@yandex.ru

The author considers historical, legal, institutional and organizational aspects of the formation of federal chain of research-and-education centers under the conditions of modernization and reformation of modern higher professional education system. The article contains comparative analysis of organizational forms of research-and-education centers, and represents approaches to complete integration and convergence of research-and-education centers into research-and-education holdings within the framework of the national project Education.

Integration of science and education, regionalization of education, educational system integrity, research-and-education center

S.Yu. Sokolova. Special-purpose capital funds as a charity tool

Sokolova Svetlana Yu. graduate degree applicant of the Department of Finances and Credit of the Division for Economics of the RSUH Institute for Economics, Management and Law

Special-purpose capital funds are considered an important charity implementation tool. Their development in Russia involves surmounting organizational, administrative and legal barriers preventing active private investment flow into non-profit organizations. The article sets the task of charity market development.

Endowment fund, special-purpose capital fund, charity, social recognition, donation integrity, investing of funds

M.O. Kasatkina. Global social information technology

Kasatkina Mariya O. Candidates degree in economics, Associate Professor of the Department of Economics and Management of the RSUH subsidiary in Kostroma
mariyatimofeeva@yandex.ru

Information economy creation becomes a dominating trend of the world economic development. It accounts for the major changes in virtually all areas and sectors of national economy. The constantly increasing part of GDP is generated by the activities involving producing, processing, storing and spreading knowledge information.

Information economy, knowledge possession technology, information markets, knowledge threshold, digital inequality (gap)

N.V. Gryzunova, M.I. Shveikert, O.V. Kozharskaya. Tax planning of pension contributions as a source of savings

Gryzunova Natalya V. Doctors degree in economics, Professor of the Department of Economic Disciplines of Moscow University for the Humanities
nat-nnn@yandex.ru
Shveikert Marina I. chief accountant ORMETO YuMZ
Kozharskaya Olga V. chief expert of the department of economic planning of OGK-6 OJSC

The article analyzes new tax initiatives concerning taxation and pension funds. The aim of the reforms is a search for the new fiscal sources and savings. Making local social situation manageable by program involves restructuring the mechanism for tax-and-investment planning not only for companies, but also for individuals. The authors highlight the necessity to diminish intolerable tax burden emphasizing the management of financial instruments.

Pension funds, savings, tax planning, multiplier, salary and wages, tax distortions of income

Ye.V. Khomitsky. Tax evasion as an unlawful income legalization component

Khomitsky Yevgeny V. economist of the Directorate for Financial Monitoring and Exchange Control of the Bank of Russia, graduate student of the Department of Finances and Credit of the RSUH Institute for Economics, Management and Law
ekhomitskiy@mail.ru

National practice of counteracting legalization (laundering) of proceeds generated by criminal activities doesnt consider criminal the laundering of money gained by means of tax evasion, which contradicts international norms, leads to considerable state budget losses and contributes to increasing criminalization of economy.

AML/TF, money laundering, legalization of monetary resources, anti-laundering, tax evasion, terrorism financing

A.S. Karpov. Liability for loss on the scales of justice

Karpov Anton S. Lecturer, graduate student of the Department of Financial Law of Moscow State University of Economics, Statistics and Informatics (MESI)
kas@r1mail.ru

The article sums up a complex research of issues concerning legal regulation and organization of counteracting legalization (laundering) of proceeds generated by criminal activities in the Russian Federation

Legalization (laundering) of proceeds generated by criminal activities, economic losses, forfeiture of property, system of anti-legalization of criminal proceeds

A.A. Belik. Economic anthropology: interaction between economy and culture

Belik Andrey A. Doctors degree in history, Professor of the RSUH Center for Education and Research for Social Anthropology and the Department of ethno psychology of Moscow State University of Psychology and Education, Leading Researcher of the RAS Institute for Ethnology
belik2004@list.ru

The article shows the fundamental role of culture in economic relations and impossibility to apply modern mainstream methodology in economic theory. It also proves the necessity for the transition to other models of economic activities.

Economy of hunters and gatherers, homo economicus, atomistic individual, culture and economy, motivation of labor

N.N. Yarosh. The influence of origin of concepts of city and economy on the formation of economic category of city economy

Yarosh Natalya N. Candidates degree in engineering, Associate Professor of the Department of Economic Theories of the RSUH Institute for Economics, Management and Law
kafedra.373@yandex.ru

The author considers the condition of municipal economy in the context of historical development of towns and cities from the ancient period and Middle Ages to the period of industrial and postindustrial social development. The main objects of the research are: town/city as a place of residence for people, town/city economy as a means of satisfying their needs, economy as economic activities, economic and philosophical category, space-time and structural correlation between the notions of town/city, economy and town/city economy.

City, economy, municipal economy in ancient and medieval periods, and in the period of industrial and postindustrial social economic development

V.S. Aksyonov, D.D. Dudin. Transaction costs of payments

Aksyonov Valery S. Doctors degree in economics, Professor of the Department of Finances and Credit of the RSUH Institute for Economics, Management and Law
fik242@yandex.ru
Dudin Dmitry D. Masters program student of the Department of Finances and Credit of the RSUH Institute for Economics, Management and Law

The article considers one of the fundamental notions of neo-institutional economic theory, transaction costs. The authors substantiate the necessity of introducing the notion of transaction costs of payments into academic circulation. The article contains the definition of the notion and its structural elements. It also analyzes the contents of direct and indirect payment costs. The authors set the task of their further examination as one of the instruments of diminishing transaction costs of the company within the framework of information economy.

Information economy, neo-institutional economic theory, electronic money, transaction costs, transaction costs of payments

Yu.S. Begma, A.S. Samburova. Functioning of the Russian rouble as an international or regional reserve currency

Begma Yury S. Candidates degree in economics, Associate Professor of the Department of World Economy of the Division for Economics of the RSUH Institute for Economics, Management and Law
m_kafedra@mail.ru
Samburova Anna S. graduate (2010) of the Department of World Economy of the Division for Economics of the RSUH Institute for Economics, Management and Law

The article considers the issues regarding the analysis of functional characteristics of the world reserve currency, key scenarios of perfecting currency system and possibilities and perspectives the Russian rouble functioning as an international regional reserve currency.

Money, currency, demonetization of gold, convertibility, liquidity, world currency, world reserve currency, purchasing power parity, federal regionalism

V.S. Aksyonov, N.V. Zakharova. Government control of electronic money circulation

Aksyonov Valery S. Doctors degree in economics, Professor of the Department of Finances and Credit of the RSUH Institute for Economics, Management and Law
fik242@yandex.ru
Zakharova Nadezhda V. graduate (2010) of the Department of Finances and Credit of the Division for Economics of the RSUH Institute for Economics, Management and Law

The authors analyze the systems of government control of electronic money circulation in the EU, USA and Singapore. These countries share a real experience of creating the systems of government control of circulation of a fundamentally new financial business area. The given models can be applied while developing laws regulating electronic money circulation in Russia.

Information economy, electronic money, electronic money institutions, electronic payment services, stored value

N.I. Promsky, Yu.I. Rogozinskaya. International economic cooperation of Russia and the EU countries

Promsky Nikolay I. Doctors degree in economics, Associate Professor of the Department of World Economy of the Division for Economics of the RSUH Institute for Economics, Management and Law
Rogozinskaya Yunona I. graduate (2010) of the Department of World Economy of the Division for Economics of the RSUH Institute for Economics, Management and Law

The article considers the relationship of Russia and Germany, one of the economic leaders of the European Union, in the context of historical and present-day European cooperation.

German-Russian partnership, strategic union, pro-American orientation of German and Russian elites, German investment

Yu.S. Begma, D.V. Shabelnikova. Secrets of art market pricing

Begma Yury S. Candidates degree in economics, Associate Professor of the Department of World Economy of the Division for Economics of the RSUH Institute for Economics, Management and Law
m_kafedra@mail.ru
Shabelnikova Diana V. graduate (2010) of the Department of World Economy of the Division for Economics of the RSUH Institute for Economics, Management and Law
Pricing of most economic goods is conditioned by their production costs. The fine arts objects should be considered an exception from the general rule. The article regards peculiarities of art object pricing and determines the place and role of branding in price formation at the art market.

Art market, objects of art, pricing, price, evaluation, brand, dealers, auctions

A.T. Romanova, Ye.V. Karnitskaya. The influence of ecological factor on the economic development of the Baikal Region

Romanova Alina T. Doctors degree in economics, Professor of the Department of Economics, Organization and Production Management of Moscow Institute of Transport Engineers, Chair of the Department of Economics and National Economy Organization of Moscow Institute for Economics and Humanities
Karnitskaya Yekaterina V. graduate (2010) of the Department of World Economy of the Division for Economics of the RSUH Institute for Economics, Management and Law

The authors analyze the influence of ecological factor on the economic development of a region. International experience shows undeniable advantages of applying ecologically oriented technologies, which include improvement of living conditions and standards of the population, value added increase, GRP/GDP increase, regional competitive growth. This will allow the strategically important for Russia Baikal Region (BR) to make rapid progress in the development involving the implementation of innovative scenario, distinguishing the areas of faster growth. The authors propose to integrate the industrial belt into one area and to distinguish agro-industrial area, area of immersion into culture, business environment of partner countries and Tibet medicine. The authors also propose a model of stable ecological and economic development of BR.

Ecological and economic development of the region, areas of faster growth, Baikal Region, Baikal factor, ecological cleanness index, ecological innovations

Yu. S. Begma, Sh.R. Kocharyan. Fashion signs: caprice or need?

Begma Yury S. Candidates degree in economics, Associate Professor of the Department of World Economy of the Division for Economics of the RSUH Institute for Economics, Management and Law
m_kafedra@mail.ru
Kocharyan Shushanik R. graduate (2010) of the Department of World Economy of the Division for Economics of the RSUH Institute for Economics, Management and Law

Fashion is a product of class differentiation and imitation. Human behavior concerning fashion can be considered as a demonstration form of the hierarchy of their preferences, a certain external manifestation of the system of inner values. Consumption must be visible for other people to become a symbol. Nowadays this approach is directly connected with economic processes, since symbolic capital, if recognized by the society, is transformed into economic one.

Fashion, fashion industry, consumer society, monetary culture, demonstrative consumption, stratification